All You Need To Know About Epilepsy

epilepsyEpilepsy is an overall term for the affinity to have seizures. It is a brain disorder that often occur when the cluster of the neurons or nerve cells in the brain signal abnormally resulting in strange emotions, sensations, behavior, muscle spasms, or at times cause convulsions, and the loss of consciousness. Epilepsy is often diagnosed after an individual has experienced more than one seizures. Epilepsy is non-contagious and is not associated with mental retardation or illness. Although the effects of seizure may be felt on any part of the body, all the electrical events that yield the symptoms transpire in the brain. Therefore, how much the brain could be affected, how the seizures spread, and the extent it lasts all have weighty effects. Hence, these factors will determine the impact and character of a seizure on an individual.

Signs and symptoms of epilepsy


The primary symptoms of epilepsy are the long and repeated seizures. Nonetheless, other signs and symptoms indicate that a person has epilepsy. Therefore, it is vital to seek medical advice if you realize any of the following signs and symptoms of epilepsy.

>Short spells of confused memory or blackout.
>A convulsion with no fever.
>Repetitive movements that appear inappropriate.
>Sudden falls for no apparent reason.
>Sudden bouts that involve blinking or chewing.
>Strange changes in senses, such as touch, sound, and smell.
>Legs, arms, and body jerk in babies that often appears as a bunch of rapid and jerking movements.
>For a short stint, the person appears dazed and is unable to communicate.
>The person panics becomes angry or fearful for no obvious reason.

Causes of Epilepsy

In most cases, the underlying cause of epilepsy is usually hard to diagnose. Nonetheless, some particular factors are known to trigger seizures in the people with epilepsy. There are two principal categories of epilepsy: idiopathic and symptomatic epilepsy. Hence, here are the causes of each of the categories as well as the factors that provoke seizures.

1.Idiopathic epilepsy

In most cases, some types of epilepsy are grouped according to the part of the brain that is affected or the kind of seizure that you experience, or run in your family. Hence, it is a clear prove that there is a likelihood of a genetic influence. Most researchers have established a link between some types of epilepsy to particular genes, though approximately five-hundred genes have been associated with epilepsy. Hence, in most cases, genes are simply a part of the cause of this condition. Furthermore, it is crucial to note that certain genes can make you more sensitive to environmental settings that provoke seizures.

2.Symptomatic epilepsy

Causes of symptomatic epilepsy, also referred to as secondary epilepsy include:

>Severe head injuries.
>Brain tumors.
>Alcohol and drug abuse.
>Infections that can cause damage to the brain such as meningitis.
>Cerebrovascular diseases such as subarachnoid or stroke.
>Problems experienced during delivery that causes the baby to be deprived of oxygen.
>Improper development of some parts of the brain.

3.Seizure triggers

In most cases, seizures occur with no apparent trigger. Nonetheless, certain situations or utilization of certain substances can cause a seizure. Hence, here are some of the things that provoke seizures.
>Lack of sleep.
>Excess consumption of alcohol.
>Flashing lights, though this factor affects only a small percentage of people across the globe.
>Certain types of medications or use of illegal drugs.

Risk factors

Certain factors are known to increase your risk of developing epilepsy.


In most cases, a person is at high risk of developing epilepsy during early childhood or after attaining age sixty. Nonetheless, it is vital to note that you can develop this condition at any age.

2.Head injuries

Head injuries can increase the risk of developing epilepsy. Hence, it is advisable to wear your seat belt while driving your car, wear a helmet while riding a bicycle, skiing, or participating in any other activity that poses a high risk of head injury.

3.Family history

You may be at high risk of developing epilepsy if you have a family history of seizure disorders.


Stroke, as well as other blood vessel infections, can cause brain damage and trigger epilepsy. Therefore, to reduce your risk of developing this condition, it is advisable to avoid smoking, limit your alcohol consumption. Exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet.

5.Seizures at infancy

High fevers during infancy are often associated with epilepsy. If a child experiences long seizures or other nervous system disorders, he or she is at high risk of developing epilepsy.

Signs of Melanoma Can Be Deadly If Disregarded

melanoma signs

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While melanoma is a form of skin cancer that does not occur as often when compared to other types of skin cancer, it is the most serious form and is often the most deadly. Melanoma develops in melanocytes, which are the cells that produce the pigment in skin, eyes and hair. In addition to affecting the skin, it can also spread to other parts of the body including internal organs, eyes and bones. The following discusses the symptoms, causes, risk factors, treatment and prevention of melanoma.


The initial symptoms of melanoma are a noticeable change in size, shape or color of an existing mole or the sudden development of a new growth or mark that is unusual in appearance. These changes can develop virtually anywhere on the body, but are most commonly found on the face, legs, arms and back.

Characteristics of unusual moles include:

  • Asymmetrical in shape
  • Presence of an uneven border with an edge that is scalloped or notched
  • Changes in color such as brown, tan or black
  • Are larger than 1/4 inch in diameter
  • A sudden change in shape, color, bleeding or crusting


While there is not a single factor that directly causes melanoma, in many cases, direct exposure to ultraviolet rays is one of the main determining factors. Exposure to ultraviolet light is not the sole factor that causes this form of cancer, as it is believed that a combination of genetic and environmental factors are also involved.

Risk Factors

People with fair skin, have light colored hair or eyes and those who freckle or sunburn easily are at an increased risk for developing melanoma. Since these people have less melanin in their skin, it is more susceptible to the damaging effects of ultraviolet light. A further risk factor is having at least one blistering sunburn during childhood or adolescence. People who live in close proximity to the equator are also at risk, since they are exposed to higher levels of ultraviolet radiation. People with weakened immune systems and those who have more than 50 moles already present on their body are also at risk for melanoma.


When detected early, our professional colleagues at Dermatologist OC ( say that doctors will surgically remove the cancer from the skin. If the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, radiation, chemotherapy and biological therapy are the treatments used to kill cancer cells. If the lymph nodes have been affected, they will most likely be surgically removed.


Many cases of skin cancer can be prevented by wearing sunscreen each day and covering the body as much as possible when in the sun. Avoiding the sun between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. as well as not using tanning beds will also reduce a person’s risk. A person should also regularly examine their body so that they will be able to quickly notice any changes.

In every year, around one million people determine to have the melanoma malignancy. It is a condition which can be cure effortlessly. If that it happens in the harder phase of treatment, it can even bring about death. Melanoma is one of the real skin growth bringing about maladies contact specialist when you see signs close to this disease.

Complications of Living With Asthma

Asthma is a lung disease. It is a condition in which lung passage (airwave) swell, and narrow, and produce excess mucus. This makes the breathing difficult and also cause coughing and shortness of breath. For some individuals, asthma is slight nuisance, while for others it is a major issue that even interferes with their daily activities. Asthma cannot be cured, however, it symptoms can be controlled. Since asthma changes over time, it is significant that you work with your medic to identify signs and symptoms and adjust treatment accordingly.

If asthma is diagnosed at the right time, and treatment is started immediately, then there is a good chance of controlling the disease. If proper treatment is performed, then attacks shall not be severe and shall be lesser. If there is no any treatment, the attacks but are so severe that it may lead to death.

What are symptoms of Asthma?

Asthma symptoms vary from one person to the other. You might have symptoms at certain times like when exercising, or have symptoms all the time.

Asthma symptoms include

  • Chest pain and tightness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Trouble while sleeping due to shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing.
  • Wheezing sound when exhaling (In fact, wheezing is a common symptom of asthma in children).
  • Coughing attacks that are worsened by a cold or flu.
  • Increasing difficulty in breathing.

What are causes of Asthma?

It is not clear why some people get asthma while others do not. However, it is probably due to genetic and environmental factors.

Various irritations can trigger symptoms and signs of asthma. Some of the triggers include:

  • Respiratory infections like common cold
  • Cold air
  • Stress and strong emotions
  • Airborne allergens such as mold, pollen, animal dander and dust mites.

What is the treatment?

Asthma has no cure. However, signs and symptoms may improve over time. But with the right medication and self-management a person suffering from asthma can lead a normal life.

Asthma is a chronic disease. This means the treatment can go for a long time. For some people, it can extend forever. The best way to deal with asthma is to take proper care with the right consultation. The main aim of the treatment is to prevent set of symptoms and to prevent attacks. Medications mostly used are inhalants instead of oral drugs.

What are risk factors of Asthma?

Various factors are thought to increase the chances of developing asthma. Some of them include:

  • A blood relative with asthma
  • Being a heavy smoker
  • Being obese or overweight
  • Exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Having another allergic condition
  • Exposure to various types of pollution such as exhaust fumes
  • What are Asthma complications?

The main complications attached to asthma are severe in nature. They include stubborn cough, lack of sleep, and decrease in the ability to take part in activities such as workouts, and breathing problems that might require help in form of ventilators.

You should contact your doctor if you have frequent coughing, or you notice any signs or symptoms of asthma. Treatment asthma early will prevent long-term damage and help to keep the disease from worsening.

A Close Glance at Lupus

Across the world, approximately 5 million people are believed to have a form of lupus. America alone claims 1.5 million of this figure. This alone places it as a critical health condition. But the problem is that not many people know what lupus is, its causes and how treat it.

Lupus: what is it?

It is an autoimmune disease that can affect any part of the body both from the inside and the outside. Autoimmune means that the body’s protective mechanism will not be able to differentiate between invaders and the health tissues in your body. Therefore the body produces antibodies that attack even the healthy tissues. Now that is what is scary about this disease and makes it difficult to treat.

Symptoms of lupus

There are a number of lupus types and their symptoms vary from one to the other. In general, these are the common signs that you may have lupus (be informed that these symptoms can persist for weeks or years);

· Muscle and joint pain: they swell, become painful and sour. Morning stiffness will definitely catch up with you and arthritis will find a way to get to you.

· Drastic loss in weight: this happens for those with active lupus i.e. once it flares and no treatment is sought.

· Migraine headache: headache can be as a result of anything from tension, anxiety and stress but the migraine kind is a sure symptom of lupus.

· Fatigue: you will experience mild to extreme fatigue and doing daily chores will not be easy. Explosive fatigue is a sign that the disease is about to flare and you need to take control before the worse comes your way.

· Swelling glands: as lupus nears its flare, you are about to get swollen glands

· Light sensitivity: it will become difficult to withstand ultraviolet light and an exposure will cause skin rashes.

Types of lupus

There are 3 main types of this disease;

1. Neonatal lupus: this one comes in pregnant women and it is a rare kind. It affects the unborn child and will likely have heart conditions.

2. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): it is the most common type and affects most of the organs such as kidneys, arteries, brain etc.

3. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus: this one affects the skin just like the name suggests.

Who is vulnerable to lupus?

Women aged between 15-44 years are at the highest risk of getting this disease. That does not mean that men will not get the disease as well. It is also known that Caucasian women are at a lesser risk of getting lupus as compared to colored women who are 3 times more likely to get it. In general, all races can get the disease.

Lupus treatment

The kind of treatment you get will depend on the prevailing symptoms. Whatever the treatment; the final objective is to reduce organ damage. At home you would be advised to avoid any kind of stress. You will also need balanced diet to give your body the energy and boost to fight this disease. Medication is also available to counteract the symptoms of this disease.

Cataracts: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

cataractsA cataract is the clouding of the lens of your eyes that can make it difficult for you to see the things clearly. It can affect anyone. It can affect one or both the eyes. But it does not spread from one eye to another. It usually takes take the time to develop. You will not experience blurred vision suddenly.

If you have cataracts, then you need to visit an eye specialist to remove it before it becomes worse. It will create difficulties in reading and driving. At first, you might not experience any blurred vision, but yes, you might notice some differences.

What are the causes?

Cataracts appear when protein starts to build up in the lens of your eyes. And that makes it cloudy and prevents the lights from passing through the lens clearly. As the result, the lens cells build up on the outside of your lens, and the older cells will be compressed into the center of your lens, that is called cataracts. In the initial days, the loss of vision will not be noticeable. But after a period of time, you will find it hard to see the things.

There are different types of cataracts such as the age-related, congenital, secondary, and traumatic. And the reasons are the aging, infection, injury, medical conditions, diabetes, ultraviolet light, drugs, radiation, and exposure to some toxic substances.

What are the symptoms?

It develops gradually and causes a few symptoms. These symptoms are noticeable. But remember that you might not get these symptoms until it becomes worse. Some of the symptoms are the followings.

• Cloudy, foggy, blurry, and filmy visions.
• Progressive nearsightedness. This symptom is more visible in elderly people. But this will be temporary.
• You will notice some differences in the colors.
• You will find problems while driving at night. You can see the glare from the headlights of other vehicles.
• Problems with your vision during the day.
• You might experience double vision.

What are the risk factors?

People normally get cataracts during the old age. Some other risk factors are heavy alcohol use, obesity, smoking, eye injuries, high blood pressure, sun exposure, family history, medications, and diabetes. If you have any of these problems, you need to be more careful about your eyes.

What is the treatment procedure?

The treatment will depend on the condition of the cataract. If it is not severe, then the eye specialist might correct it with medication and eye glasses. But if the condition is harmful and cannot be corrected with glasses then you might be asked for an eye surgery to remove cataracts. This surgery is safe and effective and it has the highest success rate. This surgery will remove your lens and replace it with an artificial one. After the surgery, you will feel better and can perform your daily activities without any difficulty.

Cataracts can be treated successfully with glasses or surgery. It will be easier if you visit your doctor whenever you notice the appearance and get any of the symptoms. Any delay will only complicate the situation. If you leave it untreated, then you can lose your vision completely.

Different Strokes: Learn About This Serious Matter

serious strokeStrokes are a medical condition that occurs when there is inadequate blood flow to particular parts of the brain as well as bleeding that kills brain cells. Besides, it also happens when a blood clot blocks an artery or other blood vessels or when they break. When stroke causes brain cells to die in a particular area, the area becomes non-functional, and the victim may not be able to talk, move or have a good memory.

Types of Stroke

1. Thrombotic Stroke

Mainly occurs in cases where blood flow to the brain is impaired. Thrombosis is the process that leads to the formation of blood clots responsible for this impairment.

2. Ischemic Stroke

Ischemic stroke is mostly referred to as a mini stroke since the victim experiences symptoms that last for less than a day. It is no joke since it warns the victim to prepare for stroke.

3. Embolic Stroke

This kind of stroke occurs when a blood clot formed in different part of the body like the heart finds its way to the brain and blocks a blood vessel. Such a blood clot is referred to as embolus in medical terms.

Symptoms Of Stroke

Never allow a stroke to take you by surprise. That is the reason it’s crucial to comprehend the signs of stroke. Prevention is the key to standing head and shoulder tall above stroke. If you notice any of the symptoms listed below, seek medical help instantly.

– Change eyesight in one or both eyes
– Severe headaches
– Difficulty in speaking or understanding
– Numbness in the arm, face, leg, particularly on the same side
– Paralysis
– Confusion or disorientation
– Weakness in body parts like arms legs to mention a few.

Stroke Treatment

1. Medication

If you have a stroke attack, it is critical that you seek immediate medical attention. It is the only way to prevent death and the long term effects associated with a stroke. Some of the traditional medications used in the treatment of stroke include:

– Anti-platelets/Anticoagulants

Medication like aspirin is categorized as an anti-platelet while warfarin which works by preventing the blood from forming clots is known as an anticoagulant. These drugs play a significant role in reducing the chances of stroke occurring.

– Anti-hypertensive

These are the drug used to treat those suffering from hypertension or high blood pressure. These medications work in a unique way since they lower blood pressure by dilating blood vessels, interfering with heart contractions and decreasing the volume of blood.

2. Surgery

– Carotid Artery Surgery

Carotid endarterectomy is a medical procedure that involves the removal of the fatty plaque blocking a blood vessel surgically.

– Stents/Angioplasty

Doctors are forced to use stents, implantable steel screens, and balloon angioplasty to unblock the blocked blood vessels.

3. Endovascular Procedures

An endovascular procedure is another treatment option for stroke victims. The most common method is named mechanical thrombectomy that involves the removal of blood clots using a stent retriever.

Wrap Up:

Learn more about stroke you intend to reduce your chances of being a victim. Do not take the symptoms for granted and seek immediate medical attention or you may end up paying the ultimate price.

Don’t Suffer From High Cholesterol

high cholesterolAre you suffering from high cholesterol? Well, if so, relax! High cholesterol is a notable health condition that occurs when there is abnormally high LDL or low-density lipoprotein in the body that is deposited into the blood vessels. If left untreated the LDL ends up clogging the arteries and other blood vessels increasing the chances of cardiovascular diseases, stroke among other life-threatening conditions. Symptoms of high are rare though it causes a lot of damage within the body. They include atherosclerosis among others. Ensure you visit your doctor regularly to get your levels checked.

Causes of High Cholesterol


If your body mass index or BMI of thirty or beyond, then you are at a high risk of having elevated cholesterol.

Poor Diet

Foods rich in cholesterol as red meat, full-fat dairy products to mention a few, increase cholesterol levels. Trans-fats and saturated fat from animal products that are present in cookies and other junk foods raise the level of cholesterol.


Those who smoke cigarettes don’t know that it damages the walls of their blood vessels increasing the chances of fat deposits accumulating in them.


Genetics also causes high cholesterol. If your parent or siblings have a history of developing high cholesterol when they reach a certain age, then other members of that family are at risk of increased cholesterol.


Those suffering from diabetes have high glucose or sugar levels that increase the LDL cholesterol and lowers healthy or HDL cholesterol. Studies have also revealed that high sugar or glucose damages the linings of arteries and other blood vessels.


Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure is a condition that increases the pressure at which blood flows through the blood vessels. It also causes damage to the arteries that speeds up the buildup of fat deposits.


Before women reach menopause, they have lower cholesterol compared to men the same age. The main reason is the hormone estrogen. However, when it drops after menopause, women are at a high risk of having elevated cholesterol levels.

How to Treat High Cholesterol

1. Medication

In a rare case, exercise and diet may not be enough to lower your cholesterol. Drugs like statins that block cholesterol production in the liver may solve your problem. Other drugs work by inhibiting cholesterol absorption.

2. Supplements

Dietary supplements that contain fish oil, plant sterols, flax seed oil to mention a few raise HDL while lowering LDL.

3. Exercise

Do you get physical? Well, health experts strongly recommend regular exercise among other physical activity to those who intend to treat this condition. It helps one lose weight as well as elevate HDL or healthy cholesterol levels. Regular jogging or walking is enough to do the trick.

4. Proper diet

Dietary changes are a must to lower cholesterol. Include more fiber, unsaturated fats from olive oil, peanuts and other sources, protein, and less carbohydrate in your diet.

5. Lifestyle Changes

Tobacco addicts will admit that giving it up is tough. If you quit smoking, HDL or healthy cholesterol increases.

6. Reduce Weight

Shed those extra pounds if you are looking to treat high cholesterol. It is among the best ways to tackle this menace.