Epilepsy is an overall term for the affinity to have seizures. It is a brain disorder that often occur when the cluster of the neurons or nerve cells in the brain signal abnormally resulting in strange emotions, sensations, behavior, muscle spasms, or at times cause convulsions, and the loss of consciousness. Epilepsy is often diagnosed after an individual has experienced more than one seizures. Epilepsy is non-contagious and is not associated with mental retardation or illness. Although the effects of seizure may be felt on any part of the body, all the electrical events that yield the symptoms transpire in the brain. Therefore, how much the brain could be affected, how the seizures spread, and the extent it lasts all have weighty effects. Hence, these factors will determine the impact and character of a seizure on an individual.
The primary symptoms of epilepsy are the long and repeated seizures. Nonetheless, other signs and symptoms indicate that a person has epilepsy. Therefore, it is vital to seek medical advice if you realize any of the following signs and symptoms of epilepsy.
>Short spells of confused memory or blackout.
>A convulsion with no fever.
>Repetitive movements that appear inappropriate.
>Sudden falls for no apparent reason.
>Sudden bouts that involve blinking or chewing.
>Strange changes in senses, such as touch, sound, and smell.
>Legs, arms, and body jerk in babies that often appears as a bunch of rapid and jerking movements.
>For a short stint, the person appears dazed and is unable to communicate.
>The person panics becomes angry or fearful for no obvious reason.
In most cases, the underlying cause of epilepsy is usually hard to diagnose. Nonetheless, some particular factors are known to trigger seizures in the people with epilepsy. There are two principal categories of epilepsy: idiopathic and symptomatic epilepsy. Hence, here are the causes of each of the categories as well as the factors that provoke seizures.
In most cases, some types of epilepsy are grouped according to the part of the brain that is affected or the kind of seizure that you experience, or run in your family. Hence, it is a clear prove that there is a likelihood of a genetic influence. Most researchers have established a link between some types of epilepsy to particular genes, though approximately five-hundred genes have been associated with epilepsy. Hence, in most cases, genes are simply a part of the cause of this condition. Furthermore, it is crucial to note that certain genes can make you more sensitive to environmental settings that provoke seizures.
Causes of symptomatic epilepsy, also referred to as secondary epilepsy include:
>Severe head injuries.
>Alcohol and drug abuse.
>Infections that can cause damage to the brain such as meningitis.
>Cerebrovascular diseases such as subarachnoid or stroke.
>Problems experienced during delivery that causes the baby to be deprived of oxygen.
>Improper development of some parts of the brain.
In most cases, seizures occur with no apparent trigger. Nonetheless, certain situations or utilization of certain substances can cause a seizure. Hence, here are some of the things that provoke seizures.
>Lack of sleep.
>Excess consumption of alcohol.
>Flashing lights, though this factor affects only a small percentage of people across the globe.
>Certain types of medications or use of illegal drugs.
Certain factors are known to increase your risk of developing epilepsy.
In most cases, a person is at high risk of developing epilepsy during early childhood or after attaining age sixty. Nonetheless, it is vital to note that you can develop this condition at any age.
Head injuries can increase the risk of developing epilepsy. Hence, it is advisable to wear your seat belt while driving your car, wear a helmet while riding a bicycle, skiing, or participating in any other activity that poses a high risk of head injury.
You may be at high risk of developing epilepsy if you have a family history of seizure disorders.
Stroke, as well as other blood vessel infections, can cause brain damage and trigger epilepsy. Therefore, to reduce your risk of developing this condition, it is advisable to avoid smoking, limit your alcohol consumption. Exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet.
5.Seizures at infancy
High fevers during infancy are often associated with epilepsy. If a child experiences long seizures or other nervous system disorders, he or she is at high risk of developing epilepsy.